IGF-I Causes an Ultrasensitive Reduction in GH mRNA Levels via an Extracellular Mechanism Involving IGF Binding Proteins

Ty C. Voss, Maxfield P. Flynn, David L. Hurley
2001 Molecular Endocrinology  
IGF-I-dependent decreases in endogenous GH mRNA expression were studied in individual rat MtT/S somatotroph cells using in situ hybridization. It was first shown that increasing IGF-I concentrations (0-90 nM) decreased GH mRNA levels in a ultrasensitive manner when averaged over the entire population, such that the decrease occurred over a narrow range of IGF-I concentration with an EC 50 of 7.1 nM. The degree of ultrasensitivity of the population average was expressed by calculating the Hill
more » ... culating the Hill coefficient (nA), which had a value of ؊2.0. GH mRNA levels in individual dispersed cells from these cultures were then measured. These results were first summed for all cells to show that the average response of the population remained ultrasensitive (nA ‫؍‬ ؊2.6, EC 50 ‫؍‬ 8.1 nM). Then, parameters for individual cells of the population were calculated using mathematical modeling of the distribution of individual cell GH mRNA levels after treatment with 0-90 nM IGF-I. Solution of the data from the individual cells yielded a Hill coefficient (nI ‫؍‬ ؊0.65) and a heterogeneity coefficient (mI ‫؍‬ ؊1.2) indicative of individual cell responsiveness to IGF-I that was not ultrasensitive and very heterogeneous. These results suggested that ultrasensitivity in the population may likely be caused by an extracellular mechanism regulating IGF-I concentrations, such as IGF binding proteins. Increasing concentrations of long (Arg) 3 IGF-1, an analog that binds the IGF type-1 receptor but not IGF binding proteins, showed a linear inhibition of GH mRNA levels. Treatment with IGF binding protein ligand inhibitor, an IGF-I analog that binds to IGF binding proteins but not the IGF type-1 receptor, decreased GH mRNA levels in the absence of exogenous IGF-I. Thus, IGF binding proteins provide the extracellular sequestration of IGF-I necessary for the precise and ultrasensitive regulation of GH mRNA levels in the entire cell population, although expression within individual cells is regulated in a graded fashion. (Molecular Endocrinology 15: 1549-1558, 2001)
doi:10.1210/mend.15.9.0686 pmid:11518805 fatcat:sreuovshcjhbjfz5rnpqbaq7nm