A critical review on the variations in anodization parameters toward microstructural formation of TiO 2 nanotubes
Electrochemical Science Advances
Over the past couple of decades (2001-2020), titania (TiO 2 ) nanotubes (NTs) have been prepared by anodization techniques. The architecture of TiO 2 NTs is predominantly dependent on the potential, current density, electrolyte and time, in addition to other few minor factors. This review is about the state-of-the-art formation of TiO 2 NTs involving anodization technique. In fact, the principal motive is to briefly discuss the slight variations involved within the anodization technique in
... of applied potential and/or applied current density and the resultant outcome. An initial overview of the technique is given so as to understand the beauty of the reactions when variations are incorporated. A minute alteration in the conventional anodization technique results in the formation of highly different morphological features. There are about 30 different miniscule modifications in the anodization processes that have been reported, thus, far. The review primarily introduces and outlines the various anodization techniques involved in growing TiO 2 NTs and the consequent variations arising from these introduced variations. This review is a tribute to the bountiful and fruitful researches based on modifying anodization that was conducted in the recently passed bi-decades.