Three-Dimensional Measurement Method of Four-View Stereo Vision Based on Gaussian Process Regression

Miao Gong, Zhijiang Zhang, Dan Zeng, Tao Peng
2019 Sensors  
Multisensor systems can overcome the limitation of measurement range of single-sensor systems, but often require complex calibration and data fusion. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) measurement method of four-view stereo vision based on Gaussian process (GP) regression is proposed. Two sets of point cloud data of the measured object are obtained by gray-code phase-shifting technique. On the basis of the characteristics of the measured object, specific composite kernel functions are
more » ... ned to obtain the initial GP model. In view of the difference of noise in each group of point cloud data, the weight idea is introduced to optimize the GP model, which is the data fusion based on Bayesian inference method for point cloud data. The proposed method does not require strict hardware constraints. Simulations for the curve and the high-order surface and experiments of complex 3D objects have been designed to compare the reconstructing accuracy of the proposed method and the traditional methods. The results show that the proposed method is superior to the traditional methods in measurement accuracy and reconstruction effect.
doi:10.3390/s19204486 fatcat:l7xbkzdkabagvgmh7gdlykzi7a