Classical Nambu-Goldstone fields

Luís Bento, Zurab Berezhiani
2000 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
It is shown that a Nambu-Goldstone (NG) field may be coherently produced by a large number of particles in spite of the fact that the NG bosons do not couple to flavor conserving scalar densities like ψ̅ψ. If a flavor oscillation process takes place the phases of the pseudo-scalar or flavor violating densities of different particles do not necessarily cancel each other. The NG boson gets a macroscopic source whenever the total (spontaneously broken) quantum number carried by the source
more » ... suffers a net increase or decrease in time. If the lepton numbers are spontaneously broken such classical NG (majoron) fields may significantly change the neutrino oscillation processes in stars pushing the observational capabilities of neutrino-majoron couplings down to m_ν/300 GeV.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.62.055003 fatcat:je7kobrhzrfrfhqh5mp2wejtji