Large-scale phase retrieval

Xuyang Chang, Liheng Bian, Jun Zhang
2021 eLight  
AbstractHigh-throughput computational imaging requires efficient processing algorithms to retrieve multi-dimensional and multi-scale information. In computational phase imaging, phase retrieval (PR) is required to reconstruct both amplitude and phase in complex space from intensity-only measurements. The existing PR algorithms suffer from the tradeoff among low computational complexity, robustness to measurement noise and strong generalization on different modalities. In this work, we report an
more » ... efficient large-scale phase retrieval technique termed as LPR. It extends the plug-and-play generalized-alternating-projection framework from real space to nonlinear complex space. The alternating projection solver and enhancing neural network are respectively derived to tackle the measurement formation and statistical prior regularization. This framework compensates the shortcomings of each operator, so as to realize high-fidelity phase retrieval with low computational complexity and strong generalization. We applied the technique for a series of computational phase imaging modalities including coherent diffraction imaging, coded diffraction pattern imaging, and Fourier ptychographic microscopy. Extensive simulations and experiments validate that the technique outperforms the existing PR algorithms with as much as 17dB enhancement on signal-to-noise ratio, and more than one order-of-magnitude increased running efficiency. Besides, we for the first time demonstrate ultra-large-scale phase retrieval at the 8K level ($$7680\times 4320$$ 7680 × 4320 pixels) in minute-level time.
doi:10.1186/s43593-021-00004-w fatcat:qezlwljfivd2vf4qt74fvdp7ma