Diameter dependence of thermoelectric power of semiconducting carbon nanotubes

Nguyen T. Hung, Ahmad R. T. Nugraha, Eddwi H. Hasdeo, Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Riichiro Saito
2015 Physical Review B  
We calculate the thermoelectric power (or thermopower) of many semiconducting single wall carbon nanotubes (s-SWNTs) within a diameter range 0.5-1.5 nm by using the Boltzmann transport formalism combined with an extended tight-binding model. We find that the thermopower of s-SWNTs increases as the tube diameter decreases. For some s-SWNTs with diameters less than 0.6 nm, the thermopower can reach a value larger than 2000 μV/K at room temperature, which is about 6 to 10 times larger than that
more » ... nd in commonly used thermoelectric materials. The large thermopower values may be attributed to the one-dimensionality of the nanotubes and to the presence of large band gaps of the small-diameter s-SWNTs. We derive an analytical formula to reproduce the numerical calculation of the thermopower and we find that the thermopower of a given s-SWNT is directly related with its band gap. The formula also explains the shape of the thermopower as a function of tube diameter, which looks similar to the shape of the so-called Kataura plot of the band gap dependence on tube diameter.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.92.165426 fatcat:dl2mn35nyjbunls4nr3ms36t4a