Machine Learning Approach for National Innovation Performance Data Analysis

Dominik Forner, Sercan Ozcan, David Bacon
2019 Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Data Science, Technology and Applications  
National innovation performance is essential for being economically competitive. The key determinants for its increase or decrease and the impact of governmental decisions or policy instruments are still not clear. Recent approaches are either limited due to qualitatively selected features or due to a small database with few observations. The aim of this paper is to propose a suitable machine learning approach for national innovation performance data analysis. We use clustering and correlation
more » ... nalysis, Bayesian Neural Network with Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanations and BreakDown for decomposing innovation output prediction. Our results show, that the machine learning approach is appropriate to benchmark national innovation profiles, to identify key determinants on a cluster as well as on a national level whilst considering correlating features and long term effects and the impact of changes in innovation input (e.g. by governmental decision or innovation policy) on innovation output can be predicted and herewith the increase or decrease of national innovation performance.
doi:10.5220/0007953603250331 dblp:conf/data/FornerOB19 fatcat:nvfdkulo2vgxtbqiu4ecg3oxsu