Contribution of a Missense Mutation (Trp64Arg) in .BETA.3-Adrenergic Receptor Gene to Multiple Risk Factors in Japanese Men with Hyperuricemia
Epidemiological data reveal that hyperuricemia is a risk factor of atherosclerosis. The risk is possibly caused by a link between hyperuricemia and insulin resistance-related metabolic syndrome. Recently it has been proposed that a missense mutation (Trp64Arg) in the /33-adrenergic receptor (/33-AR) gene may contribute to the accumulation of multiple risk factors related to insulin resistance. The present study was undertaken to further clarify an association between the Trp64Arg mutation and
... 4Arg mutation and the metabolic syndrome in 47 Japanese men with hyperuricemia, who are substantially at high risk of atherosclerosis. One patient (2%) had the homozygous mutation, 12 (26%) were heterozygous for the mutation, and 31(72%) had no mutation found by the PCR-RFLP analysis. The Trp64Arg mutation was not related to past maximal body mass index (BMI), BMI and waist/hip ratio. The subjects with the heterozygous mutation showed a slightly higher incidence of impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes mellitus in the 75 g oral glucose challenge (67%), as compared with those without the mutation (39%). Serum insulin response at 60 min and the sum of serum insulin in the glucose challenge were greater in the former subjects than those in the latter subjects (P=0.041 and 0.076, respectively). An increase in serum lipoprotein (a) was also observed in the subjects with the heterozygous mutation, but the Trp64Arg mutation was not associated with other dyslipidemia, blood pressure or ischemic changes on the electrocardiogram. These results indicate that the heterozygous mutation of Trp64Arg in the /33-AR gene partly contributes to the accumulation of multiple risk factors in male subjects with hyperuricemia. A larger prospective study is necessary to elucidate a possible role of the Trp64Arg mutation in atherosclerotic diseases in future.