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A hollow fiber vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) module was modeled using finite element analysis, and the results were used to conduct an exergy efficiency analysis for a solar-thermal desalination scheme. The performance of the VMD module was simulated under various operating conditions and membrane parameters. Membrane porosity, tortuosity, pore diameter, thickness, and fiber length were varied, along with feed temperature and feed configuration. In all cases, polarization phenomena weredoi:10.3390/membranes11060386 pmid:34070365 fatcat:pcvodwgi3bghvjhxds2f5hle54