Meta-Path-based Fake News Detection Leveraging Multi-level Social Context Information [article]

Jian Cui, Kwanwoo Kim, Seung Ho Na, Seungwon Shin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Fake news, false or misleading information presented as news, has a significant impact on many aspects of society, such as in politics or healthcare domains. Due to the deceiving nature of fake news, applying Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to the news content alone is insufficient. The multi-level social context information (news publishers and engaged users in social media) and temporal information of user engagement are important information in fake news detection. The proper
more » ... ge of this information, however, introduces three chronic difficulties: 1) multi-level social context information is hard to be used without information loss, 2) temporal information is hard to be used along with multi-level social context information, 3) news representation with multi-level social context and temporal information is hard to be learned in an end-to-end manner. To overcome all three difficulties, we propose a novel fake news detection framework, Hetero-SCAN. We use Meta-Path to extract meaningful multi-level social context information without loss. Meta-Path, a composite relation connecting two node types, is proposed to capture the semantics in the heterogeneous graph. We then propose Meta-Path instance encoding and aggregation methods to capture the temporal information of user engagement and produce news representation end-to-end. According to our experiment, Hetero-SCAN yields significant performance improvement over state-of-the-art fake news detection methods.
arXiv:2109.08022v2 fatcat:5xjcwantkfgcplvn5pkb642mqe