Efeitos do captopril sobre a doença periodontal induzida experimentalmente em ratos
Palavras-chave: Doença periodontal, sistema renina-angiotensina, captopril, inflamação. ABSTRACT Effects of captopril on experimentally-induced periodontal disease induced in rats Periodontal disease (PD) consists of a group of inflammatory diseases which result in the destruction of tooth supporting structures. They are of infectious nature, with etiological factors related to gram-negative microorganisms, and may have manifestations in several ways. These comprise a variety of factors that
... of factors that allow the increase in its virulence and ability to multiply and persist in the periodontal tissue. Recent findings form our laboratory showed that mRNA expression exists in rat gingival tissue for all components of the Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS), the presence of renin as well as Angiotensin Converting Enzyme I (ACE) activity in rat gingival tissue, thus suggesting a possible correlation between the RAS and periodontal disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether captopril, an ACE inhibitor, alters the progression of experimentally-induced PD in rats. Thus, the model of PD induction by ligature placement around rat lower first molar was used. Animals were divided groups of 10 animals each, which were treated with captopril (via gavage, 30 mg/kg/day) or water (vehicle). Pre-treatment with this drug during 7 or 14 days was performed previously to PD induction, and after this period captopril was administered during 14 or 21 days. In addition, fictitious operation (SHAM group) was performed to induce PD. The techniques used in this study were: PD induction in rats, total RNA extraction, reverse transcriptionquantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and alveolar bone loss. Data were analyzed by means of graphs. All the results were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and represented means and respective standard errors. Differences between groups were considered statistically significant when p <0.05. Based on the results obtained in this study, it was concluded that captopril was not able to decrease bone loss in experimentally-induced PD in rats, although this drug altered the expression of mRNA for one RAS target (AT1a) and some mediators of inflammation in periodontal tissue such as, COX-2, ACE-2, IL-6, RANKL, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2.