Forest Grazing in the South

Harold E. Grelen
1978 Journal of range management  
Highlight: Potential forage production is higher in the South stock grazing. Local cattle auctions began in the South during than in other range areas of the United States, although actual the 1930's, giving an added impetus to the industry. The first production is declining rapidly due to accelerated pine regeneration. The cutover longleaf (Pinus palustris Mill.) pinelands that major governmental regulation of cattle in the South came with the efforts to eradicate tick fever. Required
more » ... . Required quarantine and produced an abundance Of forage have been IargeIy regenerated dipping provoked vigorous, often violent, opposition but with fast-growing slash (P. elliottii Engelm.) and loblolly pines (P. taeda L.) and these young plantations reduce herbage production proved effective in eliminating the disease from the South drastically within a few years. Few large industrial timber com-before World War II (Van Houweling 1956). panics encourage grazing, although some allow it, often without ke, as a public relations gesture. Cattlemen who depend on forest Hogs were allowed to graze the unfenced range and a large range alone seldom own the land their cattle graze, often lease the population, mostly feral, developed and was managed even Iand under an annual permit, and have little incentive to improve more loosely than open-range cattle. Along with annual fires, the range. Attempts to promote cooperation among livestock hogs devastated early plantings and prevented longleaf pine producers through grazing associations have generally been un-from reestablishing naturally. Hogs still threaten longleaf pine successful. Public land managers are under pressure from wildlife regeneration in some areas. and environmental organizations to prohibit or curtail grazing. Initially, forestry interests were unconcerned about the cut- Operational-scale multiple-use research is needed to evaluate over lands, but legislation enacted at state and national levels compatibility of cattle, wildlife, and other resources. insured the eventual restoration of the southern pineries. In 189 1, Congress gave the President the power to create forest
doi:10.2307/3897592 fatcat:acfznpmuyfgarcb44lg5si7wfq