Statistical Mechanics of systems with long range interactions

David Mukamel, Alessandro Campa, Andrea Giansanti, Giovanna Morigi, Francesco Sylos Labini
2008 AIP Conference Proceedings  
Recent theoretical studies of statistical mechanical properties of systems with long range interactions are briefly reviewed. In these systems the interaction potential decays with a rate slower than 1/r^d at large distances r in d dimensions. As a result, these systems are non-additive and they display unusual thermodynamic and dynamical properties which are not present in systems with short range interactions. In particular, the various statistical mechanical ensembles are not equivalent and
more » ... not equivalent and the microcanonical specific heat may be negative. Long range interactions may also result in breaking of ergodicity, making the maximal entropy state inaccessible from some regions of phase space. In addition, in many cases long range interactions result in slow relaxation processes, with time scales which diverge in the thermodynamic limit. Various models which have been found to exhibit these features are discussed.
doi:10.1063/1.2839123 fatcat:6md5lw2n25diznsrgfbgacp4n4