The clinical characteristics, therapeutic outcome, and prognostic factors of non-tuberculous bacterial spinal epidural abscess in adults: a hospital-based study

Shang-Hang Chen, Wen-Neng Chang, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Yao-Chung Chuang, Chun-Chung Lui, Shu-Fang Chen, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chung-Chih Chang, Chun-Chih Chien, Chi-Ren Huang
<span title="">2011</span> <i > <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Acta neurologica Taiwanica</a> </i> &nbsp;
Nontuberculous bacterial spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a serious infectious disease of spines. Despite proper management, SEA remains a disease of high morbidity. The epidemiological data in southern Taiwan is still lacking. We analyzed the clinical features, laboratory data, magnetic resonance imaging findings, and therapeutic results of 45 bacterial SEA patients, collected during a study period of six years (2003- 2008). The 45 adult SEA patients, 32 were men and 13 women, aged 17-81 years
more &raquo; ... (mean = 62 years). Thoracic and lumbosacral spines were the most commonly affected segments. Staphylococcus aureus was the most commonly implicated pathogen, accounting for infections in 67% (29/43) of the culture-proven cases, and 41% (12/29) of the S. aureus strains were oxacillin resistant. Gram-negative pathogens were implicated in 30% (13/43) of the culture-proven cases. Of the 45 patients, 19 underwent antibiotic treatment alone and 26 underwent medical and surgical treatments. The therapeutic results showed that 28 patients had a good prognosis and 17 had a poor prognosis. The significant prognostic factors included higher age, presence of diabetes mellitus and chronic heart disease, and initial presentation of altered consciousness. S. aureus was the most commonly implicated pathogen of adult SEA, and most S. aureus strains were oxacillin resistant. A relatively high incidence of Gram-negative infection was observed in this study. The epidemiological characteristics of the implicated pathogens must receive special consideration when selecting the empirical antibiotics. Despite adequate management, many adults with bacterial SEA had a high incidence of poor prognosis.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:21739389</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:qrh6hbtzxbcn5faszikmfhvbnu</a> </span>
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