The Role of Imaging in Diagnosis of Urolithiasis and Nephrolithiasis—A Literature Review Article

Abhinandan Gupta, Sheng Li, Guanghai Ji, Hao Xiong, Jie Peng, Jingbai Huang
2019 Yangtze Medicine  
Urolithiasis or nephrolithiasis is a common ailment in the emergency room. The clinical presentation of a kidney stone includes fever, nausea, vomiting, acute flank pain radiating to the groin or the back. The pain is often described as stabbing and there is tachycardia, with or without hematuria for the severe patient. For the triad for urinary or kidney stones, some people say they are fever, vomiting, and acute flank pain. So in acute setting analgesia is given with or without an antiemetic
more » ... hout an antiemetic to prevent vomiting IV fluids administered carefully. Noncontrast computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for diagnosis. Most of urinary stones get washouts spontaneously if it is less than 5 mm without any intervention. However, if intervention is required either it is done by elective or as soon as possible by the intervention. I mean surgical management and surgical management will depend on how big the kidney stone is in there as well as where the kidney stone is if it is within the ureter or within the actual kidney.
doi:10.4236/ym.2019.34029 fatcat:muxiabrqw5bx7mtzovrutqrrtq