MC2: Multiwavelength and Dynamical Analysis of the Merging Galaxy Cluster ZwCl 0008.8+5215: An Older and Less Massive Bullet Cluster

Nathan Golovich, Reinout J. van Weeren, William A. Dawson, M. James Jee, David Wittman
2017 Astrophysical Journal  
We analyze a rich dataset including Subaru/SuprimeCam, HST/ACS and WFC3, Keck/DEIMOS, Chandra/ACIS-I, and JVLA/C and D array for the merging galaxy cluster ZwCl 0008.8+5215. With a joint Subaru/HST weak gravitational lensing analysis, we identify two dominant subclusters and estimate the masses to be M_200=5.7^+2.8_-1.8×10^14 M_ and 1.2^+1.4_-0.6×10^14 M_. We estimate the projected separation between the two subclusters to be 924^+243_-206 kpc. We perform a clustering analysis on confirmed
more » ... s on confirmed cluster member galaxies and estimate the line of sight velocity difference between the two subclusters to be 92±164 km s^-1. We further motivate, discuss, and analyze the merger scenario through an analysis of the 42 ks of Chandra/ACIS-I and JVLA/C and D polarization data. The X-ray surface brightness profile reveals a remnant core reminiscent of the Bullet Cluster. The X-ray luminosity in the 0.5-7.0 keV band is 1.7±0.1×10^44 erg s^-1 and the X-ray temperature is 4.90±0.13 keV. The radio relics are polarized up to 40%. We implement a Monte Carlo dynamical analysis and estimate the merger velocity at pericenter to be 1800^+400_-300 km s^-1. ZwCl 0008.8+5215 is a low-mass version of the Bullet Cluster and therefore may prove useful in testing alternative models of dark matter. We do not find significant offsets between dark matter and galaxies, as the uncertainties are large with the current lensing data. Furthermore, in the east, the BCG is offset from other luminous cluster galaxies, which poses a puzzle for defining dark matter -- galaxy offsets.
doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa667f fatcat:sabr4ppuhzhztdr5s3opau456m