The Management of Type 1 Diabetes in Adults. A Consensus Report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD)

Richard I.G. Holt, J. Hans DeVries, Amy Hess-Fischl, Irl B. Hirsch, M. Sue Kirkman, Tomasz Klupa, Barbara Ludwig, Kirsten Nørgaard, Jeremy Pettus, Eric Renard, Jay S. Skyler, Frank J. Snoek (+2 others)
2021 Diabetes Care  
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) convened a writing group to develop a consensus statement on the management of type 1 diabetes in adults. The writing group has considered the rapid development of new treatments and technologies and addressed the following topics: diagnosis, aims of management, schedule of care, diabetes self-management education and support, glucose monitoring, insulin therapy, hypoglycemia, behavioral
more » ... rations, psychosocial care, diabetic ketoacidosis, pancreas and islet transplantation, adjunctive therapies, special populations, inpatient management, and future perspectives. Although we discuss the schedule for follow-up examinations and testing, we have not included the evaluation and treatment of the chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes as these are well-reviewed and discussed elsewhere. The writing group was aware of both national and international guidance on type 1 diabetes and did not seek to replicate this but rather aimed to highlight the major areas that health care professionals should consider when managing adults with type 1 diabetes. Though evidence-based where possible, the recommendations in the report represent the consensus opinion of the authors.
doi:10.2337/dci21-0043 pmid:34593612 fatcat:6fpy7u3aavh4zaxlyz66z7s5au