Survey of elderly leisure and its social factors

Arash Ziapour
2013 European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences   unpublished
The present research has attempted to study the effect of social factors on elderly people's leisure considering the presence or absence of such characteristics as gender, age, education, marital status and type of house. This is a descriptive-analytic study and population is 400 elderly people in Ker-manshah who were examined using questionnaires and by cluster sampling. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Finally, the T-test, Pearson correlation
more » ... t and Spearman correlation coefficient were used in significant level 0/05% in Spss software. The findings suggest that many people were in the age group 60 to 75 years. According to the findings, %72 of participants were male and %28 female. In the study of literacy, 35 percent of respondents were illiterate, %29 percent were undergraduate students, %20 percent had diploma degree, 6% percent had diploma associate degree, %9 percent having bachelor degree and %1 percent having master of art degree. In terms of marital status, %84 were married and %16 were single. As for the type of house, 86/3 percent of homes lived in villas and 13/8 percent lived in an apartment home. Also the mean of variables of leisure time: going to parks, places of cultural, religious and sports, respectively are 4/39, 4/33, 3/86 and 3/80. These numbers indicate that the variables in population under survey are too high. Comparison of correlation coefficients shows that age and education variables have solidarity with all the aspects of leisure and shows a significant relationship. The results of the study demonstrate that in fact, collection of leisure programs is a fairly complete, goal-oriented and the most active in the field of Leisure elderly and if design and implementation of a comprehensive and detailed plan is acting at the national level the desired result will follow.