Deep Learned Quantization-Based Codec for 3D Airborne LiDAR Point Cloud Images

A. Christoper Tamilmathi, P. L. Chithra
2021 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
This paper introduces a novel deep learned quantization-based coding for 3D Airborne LiDAR (Light detection and ranging) point cloud (pcd) image (DLQCPCD). The raw pcd signals are sampled and transformed by applying the Nyquist signal sampling and Min-max signal transformation techniques, respectively for improving the efficiency of the training process. Then, the transformed signals are feed into the deep learned quantization module for compressing the data. To the best of our knowledge, this
more » ... roposed DLQCPCD is the first deep learning-based model for 3D airborne LiDAR pcd compression. The functions of Mean Squared Error and Stochastic Gradient Descent optimization function enhance the quality of the decompressed image by 67.01 percent on average, compared to other functions. The model's efficiency has been validated with established well-known compression techniques such as the 7-Zip, WinRAR, and tensor tucker decomposition algorithm on the three inconsistent airborne datasets. The experimental results show that the proposed model compresses every pcd image into constant 16 Number of Neurons of data and decompresses the image with approximately 160 dB of PSNR value, 174.46 s execution time with 0.6 s execution speed per instruction, and proved that it outperforms the other existing algorithms regarding space and time.
doi:10.3389/frobt.2021.606770 pmid:34055900 pmcid:PMC8155491 fatcat:chco7wr3efegbpra6hw6fnu3tm