Place Names and Epithets in Homer and Shakespeare

Allen B. Kellogg
1955 Names  
IT SEEMS NATURAL for poets to treat place names with loving care, to enrich them with epithets stimulating to' the imaginatiO'n and gratifying to' the ear. In the secand baak af the Iliad ane can scarcely read Hamer's accaunt af the assembly af "the flawing-haired Achaians" with its designation of their leaders and of the places fram which they came, without taking delight in the ample store af chaice epithets with which the poet graces these last. Here are same examples (as they appear in the
more » ... ang-Leaf-Myers rendering): racky Aulis ... Eteanas full of ridges ... Mykalessas with wide lawns ... Thisbe haunt af dO'ves... grassy Haliartas ... Arne rich in vineyards ... sacred N isa holy Eubaia ... Tiryns of the great walls ... wealthy Corinth steep Gonoessa ... Orchomenos abounding in flocks. '.' windy Enispe ... lovely Mantineia ... gaodly Elis ... chalky Lykastas ... Hellas the home of fair wamen ... flowery Pyrasos ... I ton mather of flacks Pteleos cauched in grass ... rugged Olizan ... terraced Ithame Neritan with quivering leafage ... wintry Dadana. Similar epithets are to' be faund in Shakespeare. TO' instance a few: fertile France ... waterish Burgundy ... gaadly llian ... high Olympus ... old Nile ... royal Rome fair Padua, nursery of arts ... Pisa renowned far grave citizens fruitful Lambardy ... sandy-battom'd Severn ... tawny Spain. Some, like the smug and silver Trent and -the still-vex'd BermoothesJ give the imaginatian such a fillip that ane can only wish Shakespeare had seen fit to' supply many more. In camparison with Hamer, thaugh, Shakespeare accampanies few of his place names with epithets. Far example, amang names af places, that of ScO'tland appears over a scare af times in Shake-
doi:10.1179/nam.1955.3.3.169 fatcat:ebrygbagp5ckbniq2jle5xozb4