Two-loop Bethe logarithms for non-Slevels

Ulrich D. Jentschura
2006 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
Two-loop Bethe logarithms are calculated for excited P and D states in hydrogenlike systems, and estimates are presented for all states with higher angular momenta. These results complete our knowledge of the P and D energy levels in hydrogen at the order of alpha^8 m_e c^2, where m_e is the electron mass and c is the speed of light, and scale as Z^6, where Z is the nuclear charge number. Our analytic and numerical calculations are consistent with the complete absence of logarithmic terms of
more » ... er (alpha/pi)^2 (Z alpha)^6 ln[(Z alpha)^(-2)] m_e c^2 for D states and all states with higher angular momenta. For higher excited P and D states, a number of poles from lower-lying levels have to subtracted in the numerical evaluation. We find that, surprisingly, the corrections of the "squared decay-rate type" are the numerically dominant contributions in the order (alpha/pi)^2 (Z alpha)^6 m_e c^2 for states with large angular momenta, and provide an estimate of the entire B_60-coefficient for Rydberg states with high angular momentum quantum numbers. Our results reach the predictive limits of the quantum electrodynamic theory of the Lamb shift.
doi:10.1103/physreva.74.062517 fatcat:gdmhz7lv4zgftjuhfvjpbbwopi