Fabrication of superconducting magnesium diboride thin films by electron beam annealing
Superconductors Science and Technology
We construct high signal-to-noise "template" spectra by co-adding hundreds of spectra of nearby dwarfs spanning K7 to M4, taken with Keck/HIRES as part of the California Planet Search. We identify several spectral regions in the visible (370-800 nm) that are sensitive to the stellar luminosity and metallicity. We use these regions to develop a spectral calibration method to measure the mass, metallicity, and distance of low-mass stars, without the requirement of geometric parallaxes. Testing
... allaxes. Testing our method on a sample of nearby M dwarfs, we show that we can reproduce stellar masses to about 8%-10%, metallicity to ∼0.15 dex, and distance to 11%. We were able to make use of HIRES spectra obtained as part of the radial velocity monitoring of the star KOI-314 to derive a new mass estimate of 0.57 ± 0.05 M , a radius of 0.54 ± 0.05 R , a metallicity, [Fe/H], of −0.28 ± 0.10, and a distance of 66.5 ± 7.3 pc. Using HARPS archival data and combining our spectral method with constraints from transit observations, we are also able to derive the stellar properties of GJ 3470, a transiting planet hosting M dwarf. We estimate a mass of 0.53 ± 0.05 M , a radius of 0.50 ± 0.05 R , a metallicity, [Fe/H], of 0.12 ± 0.12, and a distance of 29.9± 3.7 3.4 pc.