Development of a Tip Leakage Control Device for an Axial Flow Fan
Volume 6: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
Performance of an axial fan unit used in ducted fan based propulsion systems is closely related to its tip leakage mass flow rate and the level of tip/casing interactions. The present experimental study uses a stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimeter to quantify the three dimensional mean flow observed at just downstream of a ducted fan unit. After a comprehensive description of the baseline fan exit flow, a number of novel tip treatments based on pressure side extensions are introduced. Various
... introduced. Various tip leakage mitigation schemes are introduced by varying the chordwise location and the width of the extension in the circumferential direction. The current study shows that a proper selection of the pressure side bump location and width are the two critical parameters influencing the success of each tip leakage mitigation approach. Significant gains in axial mean velocity component are observed when a proper pressure side tip extension is used. It is also observed that a proper tip leakage mitigation scheme significantly reduces the tangential velocity component near the tip of the axial fan blade. Reduced tip clearance interactions are essential in improving the energy efficiency of ducted fan systems. A reduction or elimination of the momentum deficit in tip vortices are also expected to reduce the adverse performance effects originating from the unsteady and highly turbulent tip leakage vortical flows rotating against a stationary casing.