Differences in exoenzyme production and adherence ability of Candida spp. isolates from catheter, blood and oral cavity

Carolina Rodrigues Costa, Xisto Sena Passos, Lúcia Kioko Hasimoto e Souza, Percilia de Andrade Lucena, Orionalda de Fátima Lisboa Fernandes, Maria do Rosário Rodrigues Silva
2010 Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo  
Phospholipase and proteinase production and the ability of adhesion to buccal epithelial cells (BEC) of 112 Candida isolates originated from oral cavity of HIV infected patients and from blood and catheter of intensive care unit patients were investigated. The proteinase production was detected by inoculation into bovine serum albumin (BSA) agar and the phospholipase activity was performed using egg yolk emulsion. A yeast suspension of each test strain was incubated with buccal epithelial cells
more » ... al epithelial cells and the number of adherence yeast to epithelial cells was counted. A percentage of 88.1% and 55.9% of Candida albicans and 69.8% and 37.7% of non-albicans Candida isolates produced proteinase and phospholipase, respectively. Non-albicans Candida isolated from catheter were more proteolytic than C. albicans isolates. Blood isolates were more proteolytic than catheter and oral cavity isolates while oral cavity isolates produced more phospholipase than those from blood and catheter. C. albicans isolates from oral cavity and from catheter were more adherent to BEC than non-albicans Candida isolates, but the adhesion was not different among the three sources analyzed. The results indicated differences in the production of phospholipase and proteinase and in the ability of adhesion to BEC among Candida spp. isolates from different sources. This study suggests that the pathogenicity of Candida can be correlated with the infected site.
doi:10.1590/s0036-46652010000300005 pmid:20602023 fatcat:ktxdqpozybbxndm6nlabc4p3my