Autoregulatory control of microtubule binding in the oncogene, doublecortin-like kinase 1 [article]

Melissa M Rogers, Amrita Ramkumar, Ashlyn M Downing, Hannah Bodin, Julia Castro, Dan W Nowakowski, Kassandra M Ori-McKenney
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The microtubule-associated protein (MAP), doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1), is highly expressed in a range of cancers and is a prominent therapeutic target for the development of kinase inhibitors. However, the physiological roles of its kinase activity and how DCLK1 kinase activity is regulated remain elusive. Here we employ in vitro reconstitution with purified proteins to analyze the role of DCLK1 kinase activity in regulating microtubule binding. We find that DCLK1 autophosphorylates a
more » ... gle residue within its C-terminal tail to restrict its kinase activity and prevent aberrant hyperphosphorylation within its microtubule-binding domain. Removal of the C-terminal tail or mutation of this residue causes an increase in phosphorylation largely within the doublecortin 2 (DC2) domain, which dramatically reduces the microtubule affinity of DCLK1. Therefore, autophosphorylation at specific sites within DCLK1 have diametric effects on the molecule's ability to associate with microtubules. Overall, our results suggest a mechanism by which DCLK1 modulates its own kinase activity to tune its microtubule binding affinity, providing molecular insights into a unique form of autoregulatory control over microtubule binding activity within the broader family of MAPs. These results provide useful molecular insights for future therapeutic efforts related to DCLK1's role in cancer development and progression.
doi:10.1101/2020.06.12.149252 fatcat:xegnoox6nrgqpfj3ytlnm2wqra