Psychosocial and adaptation factors in relatives of patients who died of sudden cardiac death

Ana Soto Rubio, Francis Savall Rodríguez, Sara Casaña Granell, Pilar Molina Aguilar, Juan Giner Blasco, Esther Zorio Grima, Esther Suissa Castelló, Marián Pérez Marín, Pilar Barreto Martín, en representación del Grupo Apego, acontecimientos vitales estresantes y duelo
2017 CorSalud  
Although grief is a natural process that, in most cases, develops without complications, 10-20% of people who suffer a significant loss will experience complicated grief and percentages are much higher in relatives bereaved by sudden cardiac death. Objective: To study the relationship between attachment styles, stressful life events accumulation and psychopathology development, especially complicated grief, in relatives of patients who died of sudden cardiac death. Method: The sample consisted
more » ... f 16 mourners of deceased from this cause. Questionnaires were used to evaluate, among other variables, stressful life events, psychopathological symptoms, attachment and grief. Results: Sixty-two percent of the cases were middle-aged women (average 49 years), predominantly married or with unmarried partner (60%), and 31% widows (of the deceased). Prior to death, most of the mourners (81%) did not have a histo-ry of anxious-depressive symptoms. At present more than 50% attend psychotherapy sessions, showing clear signs of risk to their physical-psychological health, with sleep disturbances, anxious-depressive symptoms and general exhaustion. Particularly relevant in our study is the fact that half of them have very high levels of chronic stress. About 40% of family members have insecure attachment style: 15% anxious and 25% avoidant. Conclusions: Presenting insecure attachment style is considered a risk factor for developing complicated grief. Its indicators show 56% of subjects at clear risk of suffering it.
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