Turkey, America, Russia and the Syrian Civil War

William Hale
2019 Insight Turkey  
This commentary provides an analysis of the Turkey's relations with the U.S. and Russia in the context of the Syrian civil war. Owing much to the dynamics of the Syrian civil war and the American support to the PYD/YPG, Ankara has recently made considerable changes in its foreign policy and its relations with Washington and Moscow. As the U.S. government has failed to understand Turkey's security concerns, Turkey, despite being a NATO member, now seems to be closer to Moscow than to Washington.
doi:10.25253/99.2019214.02 fatcat:we4odtokgvgnnp5dquluozzrvu