Instability for massive scalar fields in Kerr-Newman spacetime
Yang Huang, Dao-Jun Liu, Xiang-hua Zhai, Xin-zhou Li
Physical Review D
It is known that a massive charged scalar field can trigger a superradiant instability in the background of a Kerr-Newman black hole. In this paper, we present a numerical study of such an instability by using the continued fraction method. It is shown that for given a black hole, the unstable scalar mode with a specific azimuthal index m only occurs in a finite region in the parameter space of the scalar field. The maximum mass of the scalar cloud is exactly the upper bound of the mass of the
... nstable modes. We show that due to the electromagnetic interaction between the scalar field and the Kerr-Newman black hole, the growth rate of the instability can be 15.7% larger than that of a scalar field in Kerr spacetime of the same rotation parameter. In addition, we find a maximum value of the growth rate τ^-1=1.788× 10^-7M^-1, which is about 4% larger than that in the Kerr case.