Qualitative and quantitative photogrammetric techniques for multi-temporal landslide analysis

M. Cardinali, G. Bitelli, P. Baldi, A. Zanutta, A. V
2006 Annals of Geophysics  
The results of two survey methods, geological photointerpretation and historical photogrammetry, are compared in order to evaluate the temporal evolution of a unstable slope located in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines (Italy). Historical aerial photos of the area, derived from photogrammetric surveys conducted in 1954 (scale 1:60000), in 1971 (scale 1:20000), and in 1976 (scale 1:17000) were available. A photogrammetric flight was further conducted in 2000, at a scale of 1:4400, with a traditional
more » ... with a traditional GPS ground survey support. First, the results of photographic analysis with the photointerpretation method are presented: the landslides are described from a geological point of view, showing its temporal evolution. To quantitatively assess the landslide movements, Digital Terrain Models were generated by means of an analytical plotter and a digital photogrammetric workstation, with semi-automatic and automatic procedures. To generate these products, it was necessary to solve problems related to a lack of data concerning the aerial cameras used for the historical flights (internal orientation) and the difficulty identifying control points on the photos in order to define the external orientation. An unconventional photogrammetric methodology, based on identification of homologous points in zones considered outside the landslide area, has been there developed and tested to insert the various surveys into a single reference system.
doi:10.4401/ag-3117 doaj:f12374d6c84546659573b25fc63642dc fatcat:u5ywrb34nran3elcmbwk6qgl5q