Deep learning method for comet segmentation and comet assay image analysis

Yiyu Hong, Hyo-Jeong Han, Hannah Lee, Donghwan Lee, Junsu Ko, Zhen-yu Hong, Ji-Young Lee, Ju-Hyung Seok, Hee Seon Lim, Woo-Chan Son, Insuk Sohn
2020 Scientific Reports  
Comet assay is a widely used method, especially in the field of genotoxicity, to quantify and measure DNA damage visually at the level of individual cells with high sensitivity and efficiency. Generally, computer programs are used to analyze comet assay output images following two main steps. First, each comet region must be located and segmented, and next, it is scored using common metrics (e.g., tail length and tail moment). Currently, most studies on comet assay image analysis have adopted
more » ... nd-crafted features rather than the recent and effective deep learning (DL) methods. In this paper, however, we propose a DL-based baseline method, called DeepComet, for comet segmentation. Furthermore, we created a trainable and testable comet assay image dataset that contains 1037 comet assay images with 8271 manually annotated comet objects. From the comet segmentation test results with the proposed dataset, the DeepComet achieves high average precision (AP), which is an essential metric in image segmentation and detection tasks. A comparative analysis was performed between the DeepComet and the state-of-the-arts automatic comet segmentation programs on the dataset. Besides, we found that the DeepComet records high correlations with a commercial comet analysis tool, which suggests that the DeepComet is suitable for practical application.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75592-7 pmid:33144610 pmcid:PMC7609680 fatcat:pp3fvg22infclkspsruhg5iiei