Fetal Organ Anomaly Classification Network for Identifying Organ Anomalies in Fetal MRI

Justin Lo, Adam Lim, Matthias W Wagner, Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Dafna Sussman
Rapid development in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has played a key role in prenatal diagnosis over the last few years. Deep learning (DL) architectures can facilitate the process of anomaly detection and affected-organ classification, making diagnosis more accurate and observer-independent. We propose a novel DL image classification architecture, Fetal Organ Anomaly Classification Network (FOAC-Net), which uses squeeze-and-excitation (SE) and naïve inception (NI) modules to automatically
more » ... ntify anomalies in fetal organs. This architecture can identify normal fetal anatomy, as well as detect anomalies present in the (1) brain, (2) spinal cord, and (3) heart. In this retrospective study, we included fetal 3-dimensional (3D) SSFP sequences of 36 participants. We classified the images on a slice-by-slice basis. FOAC-Net achieved a classification accuracy of 85.06, 85.27, 89.29, and 82.20% when predicting brain anomalies, no anomalies (normal), spinal cord anomalies, and heart anomalies, respectively. In a comparison study, FOAC-Net outperformed other state-of-the-art classification architectures in terms of class-average F1 and accuracy. This work aims to develop a novel classification architecture identifying the affected organs in fetal MRI.
doi:10.3389/frai.2022.832485 pmid:35372832 pmcid:PMC8972161 fatcat:wdf3upsuwneo3bm3v5ppcvutji