Reliable Ultrasonic Obstacle Recognition for Outdoor Blind Navigation

Apostolos Meliones, Costas Filios, Jairo Llorente
2022 Technologies  
A reliable state-of-the-art obstacle detection algorithm is proposed for a mobile application that will analyze in real time the data received by an external sonar device and decide the need to audibly warn the blind person about near field obstacles. The proposed algorithm can equip an orientation and navigation device that allows the blind person to walk safely autonomously outdoors. The smartphone application and the microelectronic external device will serve as a wearable that will help the
more » ... safe outdoor navigation and guidance of blind people. The external device will collect information using an ultrasonic sensor and a GPS module. Its main objective is to detect the existence of obstacles in the path of the user and to provide information, through oral instructions, about the distance at which it is located, its size and its potential motion and to advise how it could be avoided. Subsequently, the blind can feel more confident, detecting obstacles via hearing before sensing them with the walking cane, including hazardous obstacles that cannot be sensed at the ground level. Besides presenting the micro-servo-motor ultrasonic obstacle detection algorithm, the paper also presents the external microelectronic device integrating the sonar module, the impulse noise filtering implementation, the power budget of the sonar module and the system evaluation. The presented work is an integral part of a state-of-the-art outdoor blind navigation smartphone application implemented in the MANTO project.
doi:10.3390/technologies10030054 fatcat:ezdcptno2ngxrhqh273wb2z3n4