Notable Adverse Events Associated with Concomitant Use of Health Foods and Drugs Derived from the Analysis of HFNet Data on the Safety and Effectiveness of Health Foods
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi
Health foods are commonly consumed at their own discretion by patients with various diseases who are also being treated with conventional drugs. Both health foods and drugs are diverse, and enormous numbers of possible combinations exist, so that it is very difficult to identify adverse events that may occur due to their interactions. Here, we analyzed the characteristics of adverse events related to the concomitant use of health foods and drugs using data from the Information system on safety
... n system on safety and effectiveness for health foods HFNet website https://hfnet.nibiohn.go.jp/ compiled by the Food Function and Labeling Department of the National Institute of Health and Nutrition of Japan. We identified 64 reports and 71 patients, and characterized them according to symptom severity and drug classification. The analysis revealed that symptoms of liver dysfunction were mainly reported in patients receiving high-risk drugs, such as antiepileptic, antineoplastic, antiarrhythmic, and antithrombotic drugs, concomitantly with health foods or drugs. However, journal articles describing health food and drug interactions generally did not provide sufficient information about the ingredients of the health foods.