Multiview Deep Learning for Land-Use Classification
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
A multiscale input strategy for multiview deep learning is proposed for supervised multispectral land-use classification and it is validated on a well-known dataset. The hypothesis that simultaneous multiscale views can improve compositionbased inference of classes containing size-varying objects compared to single-scale multiview is investigated. The end-to-end learning system learns a hierarchical feature representation with the aid of convolutional layers to shift the burden of feature
... en of feature determination from hand-engineering to a deep convolutional neural network. This allows the classifier to obtain problemspecific features that are optimal for minimizing the multinomial logistic regression objective, as opposed to user-defined features which trades optimality for generality. A heuristic approach to the optimization of the deep convolutional neural network hyperparameters is used, based on empirical performance evidence. It is shown that a single deep convolutional neural network can be trained simultaneously with multiscale views to improve prediction accuracy over multiple single-scale views. Competitive performance is achieved for the UC Merced dataset where the 93.48% accuracy of multiview deep learning outperforms the 85.37% accuracy of SIFT-based methods and the 90.26% accuracy of unsupervised feature learning. Index Terms-Neural network applications, neural network architecture, feature extraction, urban areas, remote sensing.