Effects of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Professional Palliative Caregiver
Japanese Journal of Mindfulness
While the importance of the hospice/palliative care became greater in our life, professional palliative caregivers may experience occupational stress and burnout, which negatively impact their quality of life and job performance. In the present study, we intended to examine the effect of the Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for professional palliative caregivers on the stress reduction and the improvement of their nature as the professionals. Fourteen professionals (including doctors,
... nurses, psychologists, and medical social workers, Mean Age = 43.64, SD = 8.30, women = 11) participated in the MBCT program. The MBCT program designed by Segal, Williams, and Teasdale (2002) for recurrent depression was partly modified and used for the present study. Participants completed Maslach Burnout Inventory, Stress Response Scale for Nurse, Emotional Labour Inventory for Nurse, stress, burnout, Frommelt Attitude Toward Care Of Dying scale, Items about a view of life and death, Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, Self-Compassion Scale, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II at one month before the program starts (Baseline), Pre-and Posttest, and one month and six months follow-up. The results showed that MBCT reduced the physical exhaustion, increased some mindfulness skills at one month follow-up, and deepened some attitude to the death or palliative care at six months follow-up. MBCT may be an effective intervention for addressing the stress reduction and the improvement of the professional awareness in palliative care.