XIV. Yüzyılın İkinci Yarısından XV. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısına Kadar Tokat'ta Kurulan Vakıflar

Mehmet AYKAÇ
2021 Turkish Studies - Language and Literature  
The waqf/foundation is the voluntary donation of a property by its owner to social and religious purposes for the sake of Allah. Since the first years of Islamic History, Muslims have started to donate their goods for charity, and the administrations have given special importance to the institution of waqf. The foundation institution completed its institutional development by showing great developments in the Ottomans, and many services in social life, especially religious services and
more » ... , were fulfilled through this institution. Likewise, many needs of the people in Tokat, after it was conquered by the Ottomans in 1398, were met by foundations. As far as we can determine, from the second half of the XIV. century until the end of the first half of the XV. century, many foundations were established in Tokat, and many charitable institutions were built. In order to ensure the continuity of the services of these foundations, various incomes, especially the income of some hamlets and villages, have been allocated. It is understood that all of the foundations were members of the administrative and upper class, one of them was a woman, six of them were prominent rulers of the period, one of them was one of the notables of the Ahis, and the other was one of the religious leaders of the period. The fact that most of the foundations established are semi-family foundations should be an indication that they want to prevent their real estate from falling apart by inheritance, as well as their notion of performing charitable services.
doi:10.7827/turkishstudies.52378 fatcat:xaohgvpa2rfmdfdnzi3iywfbvm