Robust Filtering Techniques for RTK Positioning in Harsh Propagation Environments

Daniel Medina, Haoqing Li, Jordi Vilà-Valls, Pau Closas
2021 Sensors  
Global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) play a key role in intelligent transportation systems such as autonomous driving or unmanned systems navigation. In such applications, it is fundamental to ensure a reliable precise positioning solution able to operate in harsh propagation conditions such as urban environments and under multipath and other disturbances. Exploiting carrier phase observations allows for precise positioning solutions at the complexity cost of resolving integer phase
more » ... uities, a procedure that is particularly affected by non-nominal conditions. This limits the applicability of conventional filtering techniques in challenging scenarios, and new robust solutions must be accounted for. This contribution deals with real-time kinematic (RTK) positioning and the design of robust filtering solutions for the associated mixed integer- and real-valued estimation problem. Families of Kalman filter (KF) approaches based on robust statistics and variational inference are explored, such as the generalized M-based KF or the variational-based KF, aiming to mitigate the impact of outliers or non-nominal measurement behaviors. The performance assessment under harsh propagation conditions is realized using a simulated scenario and real data from a measurement campaign. The proposed robust filtering solutions are shown to offer excellent resilience against outlying observations, with the variational-based KF showcasing the overall best performance in terms of Gaussian efficiency and robustness.
doi:10.3390/s21041250 pmid:33578725 pmcid:PMC7916509 fatcat:5pzh7pjpi5hrjid6k2t3hsn4ze