Evaluating empathy in adolescents with conduct disorders

Jelena Kostic, Milkica Nesic, Miodrag Stankovic, Olivera Zikic, Jasminka Markovic
2016 Vojnosanitetski Pregled  
Background/Aim. According to currently available data, there is no research dealing with evaluating empathy in adolescents with conduct disorders in our region. The aim of the research was to examine the differences in the severity of cognitive and affective empathy in adolescents with and with no conduct disorder, as well as to examine the relationship between cognitive and affective empathy and the level of externalization in adolescents with conduct disorder. Methods. This research was
more » ... research was conducted on 171 adolescents, aged 15 to 18, using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, Youth Self-Report and a Questionnaire constructed for the purpose of this research. Results. The results showed that adolescents with conduct disorder had significantly lower scores for Perspective Taking (t = 3.255, p = 0.001), Fantasy (t = 2.133, p = 0.034) and Empathic Concern (t = 2.479, p = 0.014) compared to the adolescents in the control group, while the values for Personal Distress (t = 1.818, p = 0.071) were higher compared to the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant. The study showed a statistically significant negative correlation between Perspective Taking and aggression (r = -0.318, p = 0.003) and a negative correlation between Perspective Taking and the overall level of externalizing problems (r = -0.310, p = 0.004) in the group of adolescents with conduct disorder. Conclusion. This research contributes to better understanding of behavioral disorders in terms of individual factors, especially empathic reactivity. Preventive work with young people who have behavioral problems associated with empathy deficit disorder proved to be an important tool in preventing the development, or at least relieving the symptoms, of this ever more common disorder. Apstrakt Uvod/Cilj. Prema trenutno raspoloživim podacima, u našoj sredini nema istraživanja empatije kod adolescenata sa poremećajem ponašanja. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispitaju razlike u izraženosti kognitivne i afektivne empatije između adolescenata sa i bez poremećaja ponašanja, kao i povezanost kognitivne i afektivne empatije i nivoa eksternalizacije kod adolescenata sa poremećajem ponašanja. Metode. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćen 171 ispitanik, uzrasta od 15 to 18 godina. Primenjeni su Indeks interpersonalne reaktivnosti, Upitnik za samoprocenu mladih od 11 do 18 godina i Opšti upitnik sačinjen za potrebe ovog istraživanja. Rezultati. Adolescenti sa poremećajem ponašanja postigli su statistički značajno niže vrednosti na dimenzijama kognitivne empatije Perspective Taking (t = 3,255, p = 0,001), Fantasy (t = 2,133, p = 0,034) i afektivnoj dimenziji Empathic Concern (t = 2,479, p = 0,014) u odnosu na adolescente kontrolne grupe, i više vrednosti na dimenziji Personal Distress (t = 1,818, p = 0,071) u odnosu na kontrolnu grupu, ali ne na nivou statističke značajnosti. U istraživanju je nađena statistički značajna negativna povezanost kognitivne dimenzije empatije Perspective Taking i agresije (r = -0,318, p = 0,003), kao i negativna povezanost Perspective Taking i ukupnog nivoa eksternalizacionih problema (r = -0,310, p = 0,004) u grupi adolescenata sa poremećajem ponašanja. Zaključak. Ovo istraživanje doprinosi boljem razumevanju poremećaja ponašanja sa aspekta individualnih faktora, pre svega empatijske reaktibilnosti. Preventivni rad sa mladima koji imaju probleme ponašanja udružene sa nedostatkom empatije pokazao se kao značajno oruđe u sprečavanju razvoja ili bar ublažavanju simptoma ovog sve učestlijeg poremećaja.
doi:10.2298/vsp150121031k pmid:27430106 fatcat:t6asyunejfbp5m7jmmtekituke