Is epidural anaesthesia acceptable at total hip arthroplasty?

A. D. Macdowell, A. H. N. Robinson, D. J. Hill, R. N. Villar
2004 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery  
Epidural anaesthesia, with and without opiate, is widely used in total hip arthroplasty (THA). It may cause urinary retention, leading to catheterisation, and a subsequent increase in the likelihood of deep infection. We investigated prospectively the rate of urinary catheterisation in patients after THA performed under general anaesthesia, with or without peri-operative fentanyl and bupivacaine opiate epidural anaesthesia. Of 173 patients, 75 received general anaesthesia alone and 98 both
more » ... ne and 98 both general and epidural management. The post-operative rate of catheterisation was 14.7% in those who received general anaesthesia alone and 13.3% in those who received both. Our findings suggest that the rate of post-operative urinary catheterisation does not increase when general anaesthesia is supplemented by epidural anaesthesia using fentanyl and bupivicaine.
doi:10.1302/0301-620x.86b8.14240 pmid:15568522 fatcat:jghlpsrz6ve5rmggomdaqyyh64