Effect of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and its analogue 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate on protein phosphorylation and lysosomal enzyme release in rabbit neutrophils
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The co-carcinogenic compound phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate but not its inactive analogue 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate causes the phosphorylation of several rabbit neutrophil polypeptides whose molecular weights and isoelectric points (pI) are as follows: Mr = 40,000, pI = 6.4; Mr = 50,000, pI = 4.9; Mr = 55,000, pI = 6.3; Mr = 64,000, pI = 6.0; Mr = 70,000, pI = 5.6; Mr = 90,000, pI = 6.0. Most of these phosphorylated proteins are located exclusively in the cytosol; the 64,000 molecular
... e 64,000 molecular weight protein is found both in the cytosol and the cytoskeleton, and the 40,000 molecular weight protein is found in the nuclear pellet. The 50,000 molecular weight protein is also phosphorylated in whole cells by the chemotactic peptide fMet-Leu-Phe and in cell-free systems by protein kinase C. Using limited proteolysis, one phosphopeptide fragment was phosphorylated by the three stimuli. In addition, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate but not 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate causes cell aggregation and the exocytotic release of the specific granules of rabbit neutrophils. In contrast, both compounds increase the amount of actin associated with the cytoskeleton. The divalent cation ionophore A23187 at low concentration and the compound phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate act synergistically in causing neutrophil degranulation. Lysosomal enzyme release and the phosphorylation of the 50,000 molecular weight polypeptide produced by phorbl 12-myristate 13-acetate are inhibited by trifluoperazine, and these two responses seem to be causally related. These results are discussed in terms of the role of 1,2-diacylglycerol and activation of protein kinase C in specific granule release from rabbit neutrophils.