Mitigating random variation with spare RIBs: Redundant intermediate bitslices

David J. Palframan, Nam Sung Kim, Mikko H. Lipasti
2012 IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN 2012)  
Delay variation due to dopant fluctuation is expected to become more prominent in future technology generations. To regain performance lost due to within-die variations, many architectural techniques propose modified timing schemes such as time borrowing or variable latency execution. As an alternative that specifically targets random variation, we propose introducing redundancy along the processor datapath in the form of one or more extra bitslices. This approach allows us to leave dummy
more » ... in the datapath unused to avoid excessively slow critical paths created by delay variations. We examine the benefits of applying this technique to potential critical paths such as the ALU and register file, and demonstrate that our technique can significantly reduce the delay penalty due to variation. By adding a single bitslice, for instance, we can reduce this delay penalty by 10%. Finally, we discuss heuristics for configuring our redundant design after fabrication.
doi:10.1109/dsn.2012.6263952 dblp:conf/dsn/PalframanKL12 fatcat:x7joiyjsozehdjafhibnunpoce