Stress-induced ordering of two-dimensional packings of elastic spheres
Physical review. E
Packing of particles in confined environments is a common problem in multiple fields. Here, based on the two-dimensional Hertzian particle model, we study the packing of deformable spherical particles under compression and reveal the crucial role of stress as an ordering field in regulating particle arrangement. Specifically, under increasing compression, the squeezed particles spontaneously organize into regular packings in the sequence of triangular and square lattices, pentagonal
... , and the reentrant triangular lattice. The rich ordered patterns and complex structures revealed in this work suggest a fruitful organizational strategy based on the interplay of external stress and intrinsic elastic instability of particle arrays.