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The generation of a very low-emittance high peak charge electron beam in a 3-GHz radiofrequency electron gun requires a rectangular shaped electron beam of 10 ps with a rise time less than 1 ps at the cathode surface. This is obtained illuminating a photocathode with a powerful ultraviolet laser pulse of that form. A programmable pulse shaper is added into the chain of the components of a femtosecond solid-state laser system for producing such a kind of pulse. The shaping system operates as adoi:10.15161/oar.it/1449009599.69 fatcat:pouu35o3i5cdnj5i22eyhohpva