Noncoherent Multiantenna Receivers for Cognitive Backscatter System with Multiple RF Sources [article]

Huayan Guo, Qianqian Zhang, Dong Li, Ying-Chang Liang
<span title="2018-08-15">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Cognitive backscattering, an integration of cognitive radio and backsatter modulation, is emerging as a potential candidate for green Internet of Things (IoT). In cognitive backscatter systems, the backscatter device (BD) shares not only the same spectrum, but also the same radio-frequency (RF) source with the legacy system. In this paper, we investigate the signal transmission problem, in which a basic transmission model is considered which consists of K RF sources, one BD and one reader
more &raquo; ... ed with M antennas. A non-cooperative scenario is considered, where there is no cooperation between the legacy systems and the backscatter system, and no pilots are transmitted from the RF sources or BD to the reader. The on-off keying differential modulation is adopted to achieve noncoherent transmission. Firstly, through the capacity analyses, we point out that high-throughput backscatter transmission can be achieved when the number of the receive antennas satisfies M>K. The Chernoff Information (CI) is also derived to predict the detection performance. Next, we address the signal detection problem at the reader. The optimal soft decision (SD) and suboptimal hard decision (HD) detectors are designed based on the maximum likelihood criterion. To tackle the non-cooperation challenge, a fully blind channel estimation method is proposed to learn the detection-required parameters based on clustering. Extensive numerical results verify the effectiveness of the proposed detectors and the channel estimation method. In addition, it is illustrated that the increase of K may not necessarily lead to performance degradation when multiple receive antennas are exploited.
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