Zwischen Bauhaus und Bürgerhaus - Die Projekte des Berliner Bauunternehmers Adolf Sommerfeld. Zur Kontinuität suburbaner Stadtproduktion und rationellen Bauens in Deutschland 1910-1970 [article]

Celina Kress, Johannes Cramer, Technische Universität Berlin, Technische Universität Berlin
2008
This thesis focuses on the activities of Berlin contractor Adolf Sommerfeld/Andrew Sommerfield and his building companies between 1910 and 1970. The analysis centres around three urban development projects in south-west Berlin between 1919 and 1939, which became key projects of the Berlin city extension due to their environmental and cultural conditioning. The planning and development process of the three residential areas in Steglitz, Zehlendorf und Kleinmachnow reflects model concepts of
more » ... el concepts of modern urban development, architecture and social life in the 20th century. Sommerfeld's group of companies outlived – as only few firms in the construction and real estate sector did – the extreme business fluctuations and the repeatedly and fundamentally changing political and social frameworks during the course of the first two thirds of the 20th century. This example allows to figure out configurations of actors, governance structures, forms and conditions of conceptional (design and model concepts) and material (physical formation of space) urban production and to analyze structural as well as content-related conceptual pathways in urban formation processes in the course of this period deeply affected by political-economic change und catastrophes. Three fields of architectural and city planning history are highlighted: First, the relation between contractor and architects during the planning and constructing process that - oscillating between creativity and the aims of the market - changed and "modernized" the professional self-conception of the architects. Second, structures and dynamics in the relation between private and public city and building production. Focusing on the contractor, the quantitative and qualitative influence of private economic management on social housing between the 1920s and 60s, that has all too often been underestimated, becomes obvious. And third, the constitution and modification of spatial ordering principles between modern and "postmodern" concepts. The suburban development projects of Sommer [...]
doi:10.14279/depositonce-2012 fatcat:m622pya24zahpah7rl7djvb2xa