Wireless Power Transfer in Wirelessly Powered Sensor Networks: A Review of Recent Progress

S. M. Asiful Huda, Muhammad Yeasir Arafat, Sangman Moh
2022 Sensors  
With the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT), billions of wireless devices, including sensors and wearable devices, are evolving under the IoT technology. The limited battery life of the sensor nodes remains a crucial implementation challenge to enable such a revolution, primarily because traditional battery replacement requires enormous human effort. Wirelessly powered sensor networks (WPSNs), which would eliminate the need for regular battery replacement and improve the overall lifetime
more » ... of sensor nodes, are the most promising solution to efficiently address the limited battery life of the sensor nodes. In this study, an in-depth survey is conducted on the wireless power transfer (WPT) techniques through which sensor devices can harvest energy to avoid frequent node failures. Following a general overview of WPSNs, three wireless power transfer models are demonstrated, and their respective enabling techniques are discussed in light of the existing literature. Moreover, the existing WPT techniques are comprehensively reviewed in terms of critical design parameters and performance factors. Subsequently, crucial key performance-enhancing techniques for WPT in WPSNs are discussed. Finally, several challenges and future directions are presented for motivating further research on WPSNs.
doi:10.3390/s22082952 pmid:35458935 pmcid:PMC9028858 fatcat:32sspsff3jgh5j6iuoebkf5gcu