Renal tubular acidosis and severe hypophosphataemia due to toluene inhalation

H L Tang, K H Chu, A Cheuk, W K Tsang, H W H Chan, K L Tong
2005 Hong Kong Medical Journal  
A 21-year-old woman developed severe muscle paralysis after sniffing toluene-containing thinner solution for 2 weeks. Her serum chemistries revealed severe hypokalaemia and a normal anion gap hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis secondary to renal tubular acidosis. Her initial presentation mimicked hypokalaemic periodic paralysis, but toxicology screening of her blood and urine revealed the correct diagnosis of toluene poisoning. Her electrolyte and acid-base status returned to normal 4 days
more » ... normal 4 days after cessation of toluene sniffing. On another occasion, apart from renal tubular acidosis, the patient also developed severe hypophosphataemia with the phosphate level decreasing to 0.15 mmol/L. Hypophosphataemia with such a low phosphate level after toluene poisoning has been rarely reported in the literature. Toluene inhalation can result in multiple electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities, and should be considered in the diagnosis of any young patient who presents with unexplained hypokalaemia and normal anion gap metabolic acidosis.
pmid:15687517 fatcat:pu4oo5m73bbzba24rok4vuc4ee