Implementation of Digital Literacy to Achieve 21st Century Skills in The 2013's Curriculum

Ima Ningsih, Retno Winarni, Roemintoyo Roemintoyo
2019 Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia   unpublished
The 21st century is a century where all movements use technology. The rapid development of technology and the use of digital media as technological developments demand good and positive abilities. The scope of school is one of the targets in technological development, therefore the teacher accompanies students in digital literacy. Digital literacy forms students and teachers able to access various information, collaborate, communicate, think critically and be able to create. This is in
more » ... e with the objectives of the 2013 curriculum that requires children to be able to cooperate, communicate, think critically and be able to create. Digital literacy is important to be mastered by students, namely information, media and communication. This study aims to describe the advantages of digital literacy in achieving 21st century skills in the 2013 curriculum. This study used a descriptive qualitative research method with interview research techniques. The research site was in SDN 03 Jaten, Karanganyar Regency. The results of this study are that students are able to access various information, think critically about information obtained and manage information obtained into information that is easily accepted by other students of their age and make digital literacy a place for children to have a work. The 21st century has characteristics that are increasingly continuous between science and technology. Technology becomes one of the sources in learning activities. On the other hand technological advancements help open insights for teachers and students. Characteristics of the 21st century, namely 1) learner-centered learning; 2) develop students' creativity; 3) creating an interesting, fun and meaningful atmosphere; 4) developing a variety of abilities with values and meanings; 5) learning through actions that are active students doing; 6) emphasizing excavation, discovery, and creation and 7) creating learning in real situations and actual contexts through contextual approaches [2] . To meet the resource needs and demands of the 21st century, starting from elementary school children have been trained to compete in the increasingly competitive world of work. One of the efforts is to instill literacy skills. Literacy skills in the 21st century developed through the 2013 curriculum include Language and Literature Literacy, Numeracy (Counting) Literacy, Science Literacy, Digital Literacy, Financial Literacy, Cultural Literacy and Citizenship [3] . Some of these literacy skills, digital literacy is an important point to be controlled by children. Digital literacy has a big influence on students in learning. Digital literacy is the ability to create and share in different modes and forms; to make, collaborate and communicate more effectively, and to understand how and when to use good digital technology to support the process . Digital literacy helps students to obtain information and know various information from the outside world. Digital literacy characteristics not only refer to operating skills and use various information and communication technology devices (hardware and software platforms), but also to the process of "reading" and "understanding" the content of technological devices and processes " creating "and" writing "into new knowledge [4] . New knowledge becomes the provision of students in seeing progress to become provisions in a new creation. Students are guided to become independent, creative learners, think critically and collaborate. The reality in the field in the learning process is that not all elementary schools use technology. Some of the teaching is still conventional. However, not a few also have started using technology to support learning. Just as in the use of projectors in learning. The projector helps teachers to convey abstract material as if it were real, so that it can be accepted by students well. Many opinions in the field that with the development of technology helps in achieving learning and obtaining information. In addition, the use of smsrtphone helps communication between teachers and parents in conveying the learning progress of their sons and daughters. The more widespread technology teachers must be good at managing the information that enters. The skills achieved in digital literacy are in accordance with the characteristics of the 2013 curriculum. The characteristics of the 2013 curriculum are as follows: (1) developing spiritual and social attitudes, curiosity, creativity, collaboration with intellectual and psychomotor abilities in a balanced manner; (2) providing learning experiences; (3) giving time to develop various attitudes, knowledge, and skills; (4) competencies are expressed in the form of core class competencies which are further detailed in the basic competencies of learning; (5) core competencies become organizing elements of basic competencies; (6) basic competencies developed accumulatively based (reinforced, enriched, horizontal and vertical) [5] . The 2013 curriculum characteristics in curriculum learning using a scientific approach, learning outcomes are grouped in three domains, namely affective, cognitive domain, and psychomotor domains and assessment covers three domains (affective, cognitive, and psychomotor) [6] . The urgency of this research is that digital literacy is one of the skills that must be mastered by students and teachers, in order to be able to compete outside and be able to make technology media as a place to create a new work that can be seen by all levels of society both
doi:10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286855 fatcat:ccx4zb2r55bqli35zvnzxl7eay