An Interference-Managed Hybrid Clustering Algorithm to Improve System Throughput

Naureen Farhan, Safdar Rizvi
2022 Sensors  
In the current smart era of 5G, cellular devices and mobile data have increased exponentially. The conventional network deployment and protocols do not fulfill the ever-increasing demand for mobile data traffic. Therefore, ultra-dense networks have widely been suggested in the recent literature. However, deploying an ultra-dense network (UDN) under macro cells leads to severe interference management challenges. Although various centralized and distributed clustering methods have been used in
more » ... t research work, the issue of increased interference persists. This paper proposes a joint small cell power control algorithm (SPC) and interference-managed hybrid clustering (IMHC) scheme, to resolve the issue of co-tier and cross-tier interference in the small cell base station cluster tiers. The small cell base stations (SBSs) are categorized based on their respective transmitting power, as high-power SBSs (HSBSs) and low-power SBSs (LSBSs). The simulation results show that by implementing the IMHC algorithm for SBSs in a three-tier heterogeneous network, the system throughput is improved with reduced interference.
doi:10.3390/s22041598 pmid:35214495 pmcid:PMC8879860 fatcat:5dqvhzac5bd4rkwoh2dknjcgha