Geochemistry of Sediments and Interstitial Waters from Oki Ridge and Kita-Yamato Trough, Japan Sea [chapter]

A.A. Sturz, B.B. Hanan, G. Emanuele
1992 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, 127/128 Part 1 Scientific Results  
Interstitial waters in sediments below 400 (Site 798) and 435 meters below seafloor (Site 799) have chloride concentrations of 516-527 and 501-515 mM, respectively, lower than the 540 mM of the modern-day Japan Sea. The chemical composition of interstitial waters, bulk sediments, clay-size sediment fraction, and carbonate nodules from Oki Ridge (Site 798) and Kita-Yamato Trough (Site 799), Japan Sea, reflect in-situ diagenetic processes superimposed on geochemical signals that may indicate
more » ... t may indicate freshening of Miocene local marginal basin waters. Interstitial waters at both sites exhibit changes in chemical composition which coincide with the occurrence of low-porosity and high-bulk density layers composed of dolomite and opal-CT, which impede diffusive communication with the overlying interstitial waters. Based on interstitial water stable isotope evidence and mass-balance calculations of chloride dilution, diagenetic reactions that involve the release of structural bound water from opal-A and/or clay minerals contribute to the observed geochemical signals, but cannot account for all the measured chloride dilution. Pisciotto, K. A., Ingle, J. C, Jr., von Breymann, M. T., Barron, J., et al., 1992. Proc.
doi:10.2973/ fatcat:potswyzfkzhormcqtmfdxfl3tu